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China’s energy crisis: what caused the crisis?

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Workers were ordered to climb the stairs, manufacturers were forced to drastically cut production for Christmas, and households remained helpless for days. The electricity crisis in China has alerted authorities and panicked businesses.

Beijing to more coal miners Thursday Expansion of production Dramatically, this casts doubt on China’s commitment to switch to green energy and peak carbon emissions by 2030.

However, analysts said the climate change policy was not due to a shortage, but rather turned to political turmoil and problems with coal supply.

What is the cause of the shortage?

Coal-fired electricity still accounts for around 70% of China’s electricity, but investments in fuel are insufficient.

Beijing has been slowly shutting down coal mines and power plants for years for both environmental and security reasons, but recently there has been further unrest.

Most of the country’s domestic supply comes from Shanxi and Shaanxi, as well as Inner Mongolia. Anti-corruption campaigns in Inner Mongolia’s coal industry have disrupted supplies since last year, and mines have been closed to clear the sky of events such as the 100th anniversary of the Communist Party, the National Congress in September and the Chinese Mini-Olympiad.

Beijing has not invested in coal, its main source of energy, for years © Greg Baker / AFP via Getty Images

The security problems have highlighted another source of crisis, the duplication of political decisions. This year, China has tightened penalties for miners who fail to follow safety guidelines, and mine managers have become reluctant to increase production.

This is despite the fact that the Chinese State Council and the State Council ordered an increase in coal production as early as May. “There seems to be a lack of coordination,” said Shanguo, partner of Plenum China Research.

The directive was issued despite China’s “dual management” strategy to reduce energy consumption and intensity, or electricity consumption as a percentage of GDP. This policy has been in place for many years, but became even more important after Xi Jinping made dramatic commitments on climate change.

Under this policy, the state competes to meet strict energy consumption targets and, in some cases, restricts the funding of energy-intensive electricity projects. States that failed to meet their targets in the first half of the year responded by distributing electricity consumption.

Soaring coal prices and government restrictions on the amount charged by producers have further restricted energy supply.

Domestic supply accounts for 90% of China’s coal consumption, but the import crisis remains influential.

Beijing imposed sanctions on Australian coal last year after Canberra called for an investigation into the origin of the coronavirus.

These sanctions and “the Indonesian flood [and] All the new pandemic outbreaks in Mongolia have contributed to the weakening of coal imports this year, ”said Lara Dong of IHS Markit.

Even the economic recovery from the pandemic has helped and worsened the shortage of manufacturing centers in the south.

Lantau Group energy consultant David Fishman said renewables were not yet important enough to replace coal and the lack of rain had disrupted hydropower to help supply southern states. Noted.

What is the impact ?

Crisis as over 20 states hit nationwide As an integral part of the global supply chain, GDP has reduced production and industry coupled with limited construction experience.

Energy intensive sectors such as metals and cement production are expected to be one of the worst hits.

Performers at the opening ceremony of the 14th National Games in China
Performer at the opening ceremony of the 14th National Games in China. The mine has been closed to ensure the event takes place under cleaner skies © HouYu / China News Service via Getty Images

The factory is concerned about the fulfillment of year-end orders. Klaus Zenkel, head of the EU Chamber of Commerce in southern China, said some of its members depend on diesel generators to operate.

“Businesses are very concerned that the situation is getting out of hand. Customers can turn their backs and try to find other suppliers in different parts of China, ”he said. Said.

Rationing is also affecting some homeowners, and authorities are concerned about potential social unrest, especially during the country’s winter months. “Household power outages can be a political issue, something that policymakers don’t want to see,” Shan Guo said.

What is the solution?

The government ordered state energy companies to guarantee winter supply and ordered miners to increase production. In addition, Chinese banks and insurance regulators have called on financial institutions to increase their risk tolerance for loans to coal-fired power plants.

The country is also trying to increase its imports.

However, environmental activists fear that the increase in coal production and coal-fired electricity could threaten the country’s green goals.

Analysts said there were few short-term alternatives. Dong of IHS Markit said authorities must strike a balance between environmental issues related to coal and the need for energy security. “It’s rare [that] You can achieve multiple goals at the same time. This is why we call it the energy dilemma. “

China’s energy crisis: what caused the crisis? Source link Energy crisis in China: what caused the crisis?

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Ministers resist pressure from doctors to impose Covid restrictions in England

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British ministers continued to resist pressure on Britain to impose new Covid restrictions on Thursday after the doctors’ union claimed the government had been “intentionally overlooked” for refusing to switch to Plan B.

Health Minister Edward Argar said the UK NHS was facing “unbearable pressure” despite increasing hospitalizations and more than 40,000 new cases of Covid per day. He said he didn’t think so.

However, NHS bosses must immediately implement Plan B, including forced masks in some settings, ‘work from home’ advice and Covid passports for admission to clubs and large-scale events. It indicates that there is.

Dr Chaand Nagpaul, president of the British Medical Association, said doctors “can say it is time” and that the level of cases in the UK is “unprecedented in similar European countries”.

“We took off the brakes, making it look like the pandemic was behind us and life was back to normal,” Nagpol said.

He says: “It is the willful neglect of the Westminster government to take no further action to reduce the spread of infection. Nagpol recorded the same number of weekly Covid deaths as in March when the country was stranded. He added.

Argar told the BBC that the vaccine rollout has helped manage hospitalizations, but if the NHS comes under increased pressure from Covid and other winter infections, Plan B may need to be activated. I admitted it.

“We know how these numbers are growing rapidly, so we look at the daylight hourly. But at this point, we have the capacity to manage. There is, ”he said.

Arger declined to say whether government advisers (including Supreme Science Advisor Sir Patrick Valence) had urged Prime Minister Boris Johnson to impose further restrictions. Valencia urged the government to “work hard and get out early” last month if the incident started to escalate.

Meanwhile, Matthew Taylor, CEO of the NHS Confederation, which represents medical institutions, said on Wednesday:

Arger denied that the government was refraining from invoking Plan B as Tory lawmakers opposed the new restrictions.

Few Conservative lawmakers wore masks in the crowded House of Commons on Wednesday. On the same day, Health Minister Sajid Javid urged the public to wear masks in overcrowded situations and to hold more meetings outside.

Johnson bragged this month that his Tory meeting in Manchester was “the traditional Tory cheek by Jowler”. There was little evidence of facial coverage.

“For months we have brought one of the most open economies and societies,” he said in a speech. “On July 19, we decided to open everything
British theaters, all concert halls, nightclubs. “

He joked that Level-up Minister Michael Gove had been sent on “our sweatiest Night Boyte to show everyone can dance safely.” ..

The surge in cases this week has forced Javid to deliver a very different message, saying MPs should ‘lead by example’ when it comes to wearing face masks in certain indoor environments. I admitted.

Javid’s press conference on Covid on Wednesday was the first press conference to take place in Downing Street in more than five weeks. Ministers are now urging people to take booster shots, and Javid warns the recent “freedom” is on the line unless the public takes precautions.

Ministers resist pressure from doctors to impose Covid restrictions in England Source link Ministers resist pressure from doctors to impose Covid restrictions in England

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India surpasses 1 billion vaccines after stuttering start to campaign

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India received its 1 billionth vaccine against Covid on Thursday. It is a milestone that Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government hopes will help put aside the tragic memories of this year’s devastating second wave.

About 22% of Indians are fully vaccinated and 53% have been vaccinated at least once. Highly exposed Infected with a virus, infection and disease have spread.

“History of the Indian script” Modi Tweeter.. “We are witnessing the victory of Indian science, business and the collective spirit of 1.3 billion Indians.”

India reports an average of around 15,400 newly confirmed infections per day, starting with around 400,000 in early May. Wave 2 Overflowing with hospitals, many people could not get medical attention.

Fear that India will be affected Third wave Since March 2020, many primary school children have been banned and are gradually returning to class.

“It’s a great achievement,” said Brian Wahl, epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, based in New Delhi. “Given the current high levels of exposure and vaccination, the possibility of a third wave, equal to or greater than the second wave, is minimal in my mind.”

Members of the ruling Bharatiya Janata party called India’s vaccine rollout a tribute to Modi’s leadership, which has surpassed all other democracies in the world. Under fire at the start of the year for its management of the pandemic.

Shashi Tharoor, top leader of the opposition parliamentary party, called the step “a matter of pride for all Indians” but said the government’s mistakes could not be ruled out.

“After serious mismanagement of the second wave of Covid and the failure of the vaccination order that could have prevented it, the government has now partially redeemed itself,” he said. Tweeter.. “He is responsible for the previous failures. “

The vaccine rollout in India, despite being home to the Serum Institute of India, one of the world’s leading jab makers, began to stagnate in January, hampered by public reluctance and limited supply. However, as highly infectious delta mutants have spread, the demand for vaccination has increased.

In response to public anger, the government restricted vaccine exports and left behind a Covax program backed by the World Health Organization, which ordered the Serum Institute to provide vaccines to other countries in development. It is a larch.

“It was a necessary decision,” said Lina Mengany, head of the access campaign for Doctors Without Borders in South Asia. “There was a delta wave.”

But the ban damaged India’s reputation as a reliable supplier It sparked discussions about the need to diversify supply chains to reduce risk. “India’s role as a pharmacy in developing countries has long-term implications,” says Mengany.

Kobi Shield, Serum Institute The Oxford / AstraZeneca version of the vaccine accounts for approximately 88 percent of all vaccines administered in India. Covacin, a single vaccine not approved by the WHO, accounts for 11 percent of the total. A small number of Russian Sputnik vaccines were also administered. Vaccination in India is highly dependent on individuals and private employers, Jab ..

India has not started vaccinating people under the age of 18 who make up 40% of the population. The moving average of daily 7-day immunizations on October 18 fell from 8.2 million 10 days ago, demand has also declined, and many Indians are receiving the second vaccine needed for full protection. I’m afraid I can’t do it.

“When the waves hit people were eager to get the vaccine, and now that the waves have receded people have just resumed their lives and forgot that they also had to take a second dose. “Menghaney said.

India has reported 34 million Covid infections and more than 450,000 Covid-related deaths since the start of the pandemic. However, independent epidemiologists say the actual spread of the virus and the actual number of deaths far exceed official statistics.

India Surpasses 1 Billion Vaccines After Start of Stuttering Campaign Source Link India Surpasses 1 Billion Vaccines After Start of Stuttering Campaign

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Pros and cons of playing casino slots

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The online gambling market currently offers hundreds of online casinos where you can find countless slot machine games. This means that you will have the opportunity to choose from some of the best suppliers in the world. Therefore, playing slots online should have many advantages. But are there also downsides? We’re going to go over the pros and cons of playing slots online, so read on for more details.

Regulated market

If you know where to look, you’ll have no problem finding a perfectly regulated market to play some of the best casino slots. Once you start researching the best online gaming platforms, you will find that top search results present the best options. This is because these sites have undergone all the necessary checks, thus ranking high and creating a regulated and secure online gambling environment.

To make sure you’re on the right track, you can check the site’s seal of approval yourself. Just search for the name of the regulatory jurisdiction, like United Kingdom Gambling Commission, Malta Gaming Authority, Gibraltar, Curaçao, etc.

Easy to learn

Even if you’ve never had the chance to play casino games before, slots shouldn’t be a problem. These games are incredibly easy to learn, which means you don’t need any prior knowledge to start playing.

Plus, they’re purely luck-based, so you won’t have to rely on strategy to win. All you have to do is spin the reels and hope for the best.

So, once you get familiar with ICE36 Slots, you will notice how easy these games are to master. But remember to be smart with your options and not to put all of your eggs in one basket.

Economic

Slot machines are a group of casino games that do not require high investments, making them suitable for all budgets. Players can make deposits as low as a few dollars or up to a few thousand – it all depends on their budget.

With this in mind, slot machines also offer a wide range of stakes. High players can make high bets, while newcomers can even place 10 cents. This is a great advantage for both regular and occasional casino players. For example, starting with smaller bets allows players to get into the game before investing a lot of money. The range of the game leaves enough room for the player to place further bets or try out new casino games, which creates an entertaining gaming environment.

Bonuses and rewards

It’s no surprise that most online casinos regularly offer bonuses and rewards to new and existing users. It’s an effective way to attract players and retain regulars, which you won’t find in land-based casinos. You can read more about it here.

Welcome bonuses are the most common form of casino bonus, especially for unregistered users. By signing up, most players receive a strong incentive to keep playing. The majority of these bonuses are related to slot machine games as they are the most popular category in online casinos. So, if you are determined to take advantage of any promotion, slots are a great place to start.

Pro tip: Always read the terms and conditions before accepting a bonus. Most wagering requirements state that slots count 100% to meet rolling requirements, but it won’t hurt to see for yourself.

Quick to play

While playing slots doesn’t have many drawbacks, we have to stress how quickly slot machine spins usually end. As a result, most players won’t spend hours spinning the reels on their favorite slot machine – these games are usually over within minutes. Therefore, if playing for hours is more your thing, slot machines are not the right choice for you.

Lack of personal interaction

While some players can make friends by playing slots online, it will not be the same as playing poker online. It might not be a big factor for everyone, but it’s worth mentioning as some gamers might seek out this social factor with online gaming. Keep this in mind once you start your online gambling adventure.

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