We can tell that octopuses are intelligent because they enjoy using tools and playing games, but we cannot imagine what it would be like to have nine brains. When an octopus swallows, its food must “pass through” the brain because the core brain is shaped like a doughnut and forms a ring around the oesophagus! What a notion! Some food for thinking
They have a little brain in each arm, which is the most intriguing feature. This results in a significant distribution of brainpower. The central brain simply transmits a higher-level signal to the arm, such as “advance to crevice for probable crab,” because each arm has a little brain.
In our situation, the brain would direct and regulate each arm movement. When an octopus probes into a crevice, it does so almost independently as it uses its suckers to taste and feel.
We can see that the small brains significantly lighten the burden on the central brain by multiplying this by eight for eight limbs. An intricate neurological system with more than 40 million neurons attached to the octopus’ suckers governs each arm.
180 million neurons in the brain’s centre are linked to more than 40 million neurons in each of the eight arms, according to research.Maybe the central nervous system has the impression of conducting a symphony!
5 Facts About Octopus That You Should Know!
1.Keep an Eye on Your Arms to Find Some Food
One peculiarity is that unless it can see its arm, an octopus doesn’t know where it is.
The arm is communicating flavour and texture, but not precise location or orientation. Our bodies contain a function called proprioception that enables us to locate our arms even when they are hidden from view. Because we are aware of our hand’s location in relation to our back, we can scratch it with accuracy.
Octopuses have not’missed-out’ on developing this advantageous skill. There’s a solid explanation why they can’t pinpoint where their arms are. Since the shape of an octopus’ body is so fluid and continually changing, it is difficult for them to have a fixed “map” of their body in their brain.
How can they prevent the eight suckers-covered arms from adhering to one another and tying themselves up in knots is another intriguing topic regarding having eight arms coated in suckers. especially when they are unsure about the exact location of their arms. It turns out that a substance is secreted by octopus skin to prevent the suckers from adhering to it. Sounds necessary to prevent a tangled mess!
2. Octopus Sex and the Thrill of Surviving
Let’s talk about sex while discussing arms! Yes, octopus sex does involve one arm in a significant way. The hectocotylus is what it’s known as (try spelling that with your eyes closed!).
The male octopus utilises the hectocotylus, a specifically designed arm, to transfer his sperm to a receptive female.
The main idea is that when a male and female octopus mate, the male carefully places one or two packets of sperm underneath the female’s mantle using his specialised arm. And then abruptly retracts. For this particular delivery, he requires a long arm because the recipient may turn cannibalistic as soon as she receives his love-packet. The male is solely useful for feeding now that she has his sperm!
From the female’s point of view, cannibalism makes logical because she will need to be well-fed in order to create hundreds of eggs and care for them for months without eating. Up to 100,000 fertilised eggs are laid by each female in groups under an overhang. For up to seven months before the offspring hatch, the females of the majority of species continuously protect, care for, and oxygenate the eggs. Before the eggs hatch, the moms can lose more than 50% of their body weight because they are not fed during this time. In the majority of species, females pass away shortly after.
The health of men is also negatively impacted by sex. The males have a quick drop after mating as they enter senescence.They cease eating and behave strangely before dying shortly after.
3. Why Would You Need 3 Hearts?
How do people survive with just one heart, an octopus would wonder.
Numerous octopus species are found deep in the oceans, where the water is icy and there is little oxygen present. In order to ensure that enough oxygenated blood reaches every portion of the body, including the tips of the arms, octopuses have developed three hearts. A larger heart circulates the oxygenated blood to the organs and the rest of the body after two smaller hearts pump blood to the gills.
When an animal swims, certain species’ larger hearts stop beating. It’s probably best not to swim for too long!
4. True Blue Bloods have a Thing for Copper
Since many octopuses dwell in frigid deep waters, they have evolved to use the copper-rich protein hemocyanin rather than our iron-rich haemoglobin to oxygenate their blood. Their blood takes on a blue hue as a result, whereas haemoglobin makes our blood red.
Octopuses prefer cooler, oxygen-rich water because their copper-based blood does not transport oxygen effectively.
5. Octopuses are Not Here for a Long Time – Hope it’s a Good Time!
The fact that octopuses possess so many incredible skills and yet only have a three to five-year lifespan is remarkable.
They would probably be in charge of the earth by now if they lived as long as we do. They lack one of the traits we think is essential for an advanced species because of their life cycle. Intergenerational learning does not exist in octopuses since they do not care for their young.
This implies that each octopus must find out what it needs to know in order to thrive on its own.
Think about it! There are no parents there to guide the behaviour of the children. This can look like a dream come true for some human teenagers! But it has significant negative effects on the species as a whole. Each following generation must repeat and rediscover a great deal of knowledge because earlier generations were unable to pass on their expertise.